Munk, Kaj


Munk, Kaj
(1898-1944)
   A Danish playwright, Munk was raised in a religious home and took a degree in theology, after which he served as a minister in the Lutheran Danish People's Church for the rest of his life. He was also a very productive writer and wrote more than 50 plays. These dramas are traditional in form, but their content is sui generis; Munk was very much the individualist and his work reflects that fact.
   Munk's first drama to be performed was En Idealist (1928; tr. Herod the King, 1953), but it was a failure. Although his hero worship at times included admiration for AdolfHitler and Benito Mussolini, Munk's play Sejren (1936; The Victory) is nevertheless critical of Italy's actions in Ethiopia. In Han sidder ved Smeltediglen (1938; tr. He Sits at the Melting Pot, 1953), the protagonist discovers that Jesus was a Jew and not an Aryan, as his government masters would like him to conclude. Although Munk admired Hitler, he was not in agreement with the Nazi treatment ofthe Jews. In Før Cannae (1943; tr. Before Cannae, 1953), Munk favors the Churchill figure in the play at the expense of the Hitler figure.
   Munk's most successful drama is Ördet (1932; tr. The Word, 1953), which, like the Norwegian dramatist Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson's play Över ævne I (1883; tr. Pastor Sang, 1893), discusses the possibility ofmiracles. Munk, in contrast to Bjørnson, shows a miracle on stage as he contrasts the attitudes ofboundless faith with those ofmore common Christian belief.
   During World War II Munk became the spiritual leader of the resistance in Denmark. When he was arrested and executed by the Gestapo, he became a martyr to the cause. His dramas have withstood the test of time rather poorly, however.
   See also Theater.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MUNK, KAJ° — (pseudonym of Harald Leininger; 1898–1944), Danish pastor and playwright. He showed an unusual interest in Jewish themes and his anti Nazi writings and sermons had an incalculable effect on the Danish resistance movement during World War II.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Munk, Kaj — ▪ Danish playwright in full  Kaj Harald Leininger Munk   born Jan. 13, 1898, Maribo, Den. died Jan. 4, 1944, near Silkeborg  Danish playwright, priest, and patriot who was a rare exponent of religious drama with a strong sense of the theatre. He… …   Universalium

  • Munk, Kaj — ► (1898 1944) Autor dramático danés. Cultivó el drama heroico y religioso. Autor de La palabra y Un idealista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Munk, Kaj — pseud. di Petersen, K.H.L …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Munk — Munk, Kaj …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kaj Munk — (eigentlich Kaj Harald Leininger Petersen; * 13. Januar 1898 in Maribo, Lolland, Dänemark; † 4. Januar 1944 in Vedersø, Dänemark) war ein dänischer Pastor, Poet, Gegner Hitlers und Märtyrer. Kaj Munk Büste in Vedersø …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaj Munk — Kaj Munk, fotografía publicada en febrero de 1994. Nombre completo Kaj Harald Leininger Munk Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • MUNK (K.) — MUNK KAJ (1898 1944) Rien n’est plus paradoxal que la destinée de ce pasteur danois, originaire de Maribo, en Lolland, qui fut si marqué par la Première Guerre mondiale et ses suites immédiates qu’il rompit en lisière avec les idéaux qu’il était… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kaj Munk — He was born Kaj Harald Leininger Petersen on the island of Lolland, Denmark, and raised by a family named Munk after the death of his parents. From 1924, he was the vicar of Vedersø in Western Jutland.The dramas of Munk were mostly performed and… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaj Munk — peu de temps avant sa mort. Kaj Harald Leininger Munk (couramment appelé Kaj Munk) (né le 13 janvier 1898 à Maribo, sur l île danoise de Lolland, assassiné par la Gestapo le 4 janvier 1944 à Hørbylunde Bakke, près de Silkeborg) était un auteur… …   Wikipédia en Français


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